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charles francois daubigny

Charles Francois Daubigny (1817-1878)

charles_daubigny_portraitFransız ressam Charles Francois Daubigny ilk eğitimini babasından aldı. Daha sonra Charles Francoisay Edme’nin oğlu Paul Delaroche’dan resim dersi aldı, İtalya’ya gitti. Ünlü manzara ressamı Carot ile dostluk kurdu ve izlenimcilik akımının öncülerinden biri oldu.

1870’de Londra’da Monet ve Pisarro’yu Durand Rual’e tanıttı. Sen Nehri üstündeki “Bottin” adını verdiği yüzer atölyesinde ırmak ve göl resimleri yaptı; bu eserlerinde sade ve düz bir üslupla yalnız doğaya karşı olan sevgisini belirtmeye çalıştı. Özellikle manzaralarda romantiklerin eklediği şiirsel ve subjektiv öğelerin temizlenmesine uğraştı. Bu anlamda Barbizon Ekolünün temsilcilerinden biri oldu. Cam üzerine klişeler yaptı. Auvers-sur-oise’daki evi eski haliyle muhafaza edildi. Eserlerinin önemli kısmı 1907’de Moreau-Nelaton koleksiyonu ile Louvre Müzesine alındı. Daubigny’nin tabloları Fransa’da (Avignon, Bayonne, Bordeaux, Chantilly, Lille, Lyon, Marsilya, Nice, Reims, Rouen v.b.) ve bazı yabancı ülkelerin müzelerinde (Amsterdam, Berlin, Helsinki, La haye, Glasgow, Moskova, Londra) bulunmaktadır.

Charles Francois Daubigny Eser Örnekleri;

Oise Kıyıları, 1850

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Charles Francois Daubigny Biography

Daubigny was born in Paris, into a family of painters and was taught the art by his father Edmond François Daubigny and his uncle, miniaturist Pierre Daubigny.

Initially Daubigny painted in a traditional style, but this changed after 1843 when he settled in Barbizon to work outside in nature. Even more important was his meeting with Camille Corot in 1852 in Optevoz (Isère). On his famous boat Botin, which he had turned into a studio, he painted along the Seine and Oise, often in the region around Auvers. From 1852 onward he came under the influence of Gustave Courbet.

In 1866 Daubigny visited England, eventually returning because of the Franco-Prussian war in 1870. In London he met Claude Monet, and together they left for the Netherlands. Back in Auvers, he met Paul Cézanne, another important Impressionist. It is assumed that these younger painters were influenced by Daubigny.

Daubigny’s finest pictures were painted between 1864 and 1874, and these for the most part consist of carefully completed landscapes with trees, river and a few ducks. It has been said that when Daubigny liked his pictures he added another duck or two, so that the number of ducks often indicates greater or less artistic quality in his pictures.[citation needed] One of his sayings was, “The best pictures do not sell”, as he frequently found his finest achievements little understood. Daubigny is chiefly preferred for his riverside pictures, of which he painted a great number, but although there are two large landscapes by Daubigny in the Louvre, neither is a river view. They are for that reason not so typical as many of his smaller Oise and Seine pictures.

His most ambitious canvases are Springtime (1857), in the Louvre; Borde de la Cure, Morvan (1864); Villerville sur Mer (1864); Moonlight (1865); Auvers-sur-Oise (1868); and Return of the Flock (1878). He was named by the French government as an Officer of the Legion of Honor.

Daubigny died in Paris. His remains are interred at cimetière du Père-Lachaise (division 24). His followers and pupils included his son Karl (who sometimes painted so well that his works are occasionally mistaken for those of his father), Achille Oudinot, Hippolyte Camille Delpy, Albert Charpin and Pierre Emmanuel Damoye.

william daniell

William Daniell (1769-1837)

İngiliz ressam William Daniell, 1769 yılında dünyaya geldi. Küçük yaşlarındayken, babasının ölümü üzerine manzara ressamı olan amcası Thomas Daniell ile yaşamaya gönderildi (1779). William Daniell oymacılık işiyle uğraşıyor ve çizimleri yapmada amcasına yardım ediyordu. 16 yaşına geldiğinde amcasıyla birlikte Hindistan’a gitti.

O dönemin en çok gelişen sanat dinamiği olan oryantalist temalara katkıda bulunabilmek için Uzak Doğu’da birçok yeri gezdi. Ayrıca suluboya resim kitabı “A Voyage Round Great Britain” için bütün İngiltere sahilini dolaştı. Eserleri Kraliyet Akademisi ve İngiliz Enstitüsü’nde sergilenen sanatçı 1822 yılında Kraliyet Akademisyeni oldu.

William Daniell Eser Örnekleri;

Madras yada St. George kalesi, Bengal Körfezi Hava Fırtınalı, 1833

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johan christian dahl

Johan Christian Dahl (1788-1857)

Norveç Asıllı ressam Johan Christian Dahl 1788 yılında Bergen’de doğmuştur. 1803-1809 arasında Bergen’de dekorasyon eğitimi aldı. 1811 yılında Kunstakademie Kopenhagen’a girdi ve Christian August Lorentzen, Nicolaj Dajon ve Georg Haas ile çalıştı. 1818 yılında Dresden’e geldi. 1820’de Akademi üyesi oldu ve 1824’te profesör oldu. Bu sürede Almanya’nın Alpler bölgelerine ve İtalya’ya seyahat etti. 1820 yılında Napoli’ye taşındı ve Franz Ludwig Catel ile çalıştı.

Doğa çalışmaları onu kendine özgü bir gerçekçiliğe yönlendirdi. “Erken yüzyıllarda ahşap mimarisinin Anıtları ve Norveç Manzaraları” (Dresden 1837) başlıklı kuzey ahşap mimarisi üzerine bir çalışma yazdı.

Johan Christian Dahl 14 Ekim 1857 tarihinde öldü ve Dresden Elias mezarlığında toprağa verildi. 29 Mayıs 1934 tarihinde, mezarı memleketi Bergen’e aktarıldı.

Johan Christian Dahl Eser Örnekleri

Dresden'den Dolunay'a Bakış, 1839

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Johan Christian Dahl Biography

Johan Christian Claussen Dahl (February 24, 1788 ? October 14, 1857), often known as J. C. Dahl or I. C. Dahl, was a Norwegian artist who is considered the first great romantic painter in Norway, the founder of the “golden age” of Norwegian painting, and one of the great European artists of all time. He is often described as “the father of Norwegian landscape painting” and is regarded as the first Norwegian Painter ever to reach a level of artistic accomplishment comparable to that attained by the greatest European artists of his day. He was also the first acquire genuine fame and cultural renown abroad. As one critic has put it, “J.C. Dahl occupies a central position in Norwegian artistic life of the first half of the 19th century.

Although Dahl spent much of his life outside of Norway, his love for his country is clear in the motifs he chose for his paintings and in his extraordinary efforts on behalf of Norwegian culture generally. Indeed, if one sets aside his own monumental artistic creations, his other activities on behalf of art, history, and culture would still have guaranteed him a place at the very heart of the artistic and cultural history of Norway. He was, for example, a key figure in the founding of the Norwegian National Gallery and of several other major art institutions in Norway, as well as in the preservation of Norwegian stave churches and the restoration of the Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim and Håkonshallen in Bergen.

 

hans dahl

Hans Dahl (1849-1937)

Norveç asıllı ressam Hans Dahl, 1849’da Granvin’de dünyaya gelmiştir. Yeteneği erken yaşlarında kendini göstermiş ancak Dahl, İsveç ordusuna katıldıktan sonra sanat eğitimine başlamıştır. Subay olmak için ilk eğitimi almış ve 1871 yılında teğmen olmuştur. Ordudan ayrıldıktan sonra Karlsruhe Akademisi’nde Hans Fredrik Gude ve Wilhelm Riefstahl’ın öğrencisi olmuştur.

Hans Dahl fiyortlar, tekneler ve suyun ışıklarını verme konusunda çok başarılı olmuştur. Ayrıntılı, karakterize ve hayali manzaraları işliyor olması Düsseldorf okulunun sanatçı üzerinde etkili olduğunu gösterir.

Hans Dahl Eser Örnekleri

Dağlarda, 1906

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Hans Dahl Biography

Hans Dahl was born in the village of Granvin, on the Hardangerfjord, in the county of Hordaland in Norway. His talent was already evident when Dahl was 16 years old. However, it was only after service in the Swedish army that Dahl received artistic education. Hans Dahl was educated first to become an officer and became a lieutenant in 1871. He served in the Bergenske Brigade until 1874. After leaving the army, he apprenticed with Johan Fredrik Eckersberg and Knud Bergslien. He went to Karlsruhe, where he studied under Hans Fredrik Gude and Wilhelm Riefstahl and then to Düsseldorf, where his teachers included Eduard von Gebhardt and Wilhelm Sohn. His art became associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting, which was characterized by finely detailed yet still fanciful landscapes.

Dahl had his first exhibition in Düsseldorf in 1876. Dahl lived in Düsseldorf until 1888, when he moved to Berlin. Almost every summer, he was back to Norway. In 1893, he commissioned the firm of Jacob Digre in Trondheim to build his summer residence. It is located on the banks of the Sognefjord at Balestrand in the county of Sogn og Fjordane. Norwegian painter Adelsteen Normann had settled in Balestrand during 1891. Dahl’s villa was of a similar design to the villa built for Normann.

Between 1888 and 1919, Dahl lived mostly in Berlin-Wilmersdorf, and spent only the summer in Balestrand. After 1919, Dahl no longer traveled to Berlin. Balestrand became a much visited tourist destination in western Norway. German emperor, Kaiser Wilhelm II, became one of Dahl’s patrons, conferring a professorship upon him in 1910, and visiting Dahl in Balestrand several summers in a row.

Dahl resisted the transition in art from Romanticism to Modernism. In the 1890s a new school of art arose, and artists like Dahl were not very popular in the leading circles in the capital. He was particularly criticised by the art historian Jens Thiis. He was severely criticized by fellow artists especially by Christian Krohg, who was one of the leading figures in the transition from romanticism to naturalism which characterized Norwegian art in this period. Throughout his life, he increasingly narrowed his range of topics. Dahl often described the scenery of the western part of Norway in brilliant sunshine with smiling people in national costumes. His vibrant colors and charming portrayals of young Norwegian girls in their national costume have always been very popular.

jan frans van dael

Jan Frans van Dael (1764-1840)

Flaman ressam Jan Frans van Dael, 1764’de Antwerp’te dünyaya geldi. Erken yaşlarında Paris’e gitti ve oraya yerleşti. Sadece meyve ve çiçek resmetmemesine ve başka unsurları da çizmesine rağmen, tarzı Van Huysum ve Van Spaendonck’un tarzına benziyordu. İmparatoriçe Joséphine için yaptığı “An Offering to Flora” ve “The Tomb of Julia” adlı iki resim Louvre Müzesi’ndedir. Üç yıllık emeğin meyvesi olarak kabul edilen ünlü “La Croisée” tablosu da İmparatoriçe Joséphine tarafından satın alınmıştır ve günümüzde  Liège özel koleksiyonundadır.

1840 yılında Paris’te hayatını kaybetmiştir. Père Lachaise mezarlığında arkadaşı Van Spaendonck’un yanına gömülmüştür.

Tablo Örnekleri

Meyveli Natürmort

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Jan Frans van Dael Biography

He was born in Antwerp in 1764, but went early to Paris and settled there. He was self-instructed in art, but made such progress that he soon distinguished himself at the exhibitions, on one occasion obtaining the prize of 4000 francs, and on two others, the large gold medal. His style is in the manner of Van Huysum and Van Spaendonck, although he did not confine himself strictly to fruit and flowers, but painted other subjects, in which such objects might with propriety be introduced.

Two of his pictures, which he painted for the Empress Joséphine, represent ‘An Offering to Flora’ and ‘The Tomb of Julia'; the latter is now in the Louvre. His master-piece, known as ‘La Croisée’ the fruit of three years labour, was likewise purchased by the Empress Joséphine, and is now in a private collection at Liège. He was also patronized by the Empress Marie Louise, who took one of his pictures with her to Parma. He died in Paris in 1840, and was buried in the cemetery of Père Lachaise by the side of his friend Van Spaendonck. The Louvre also has by him three pictures of ‘Flowers’ and one of ‘Fruit’.